Secretariat Projects
The Behavioral Insight Office

The Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning has established in 2019 the Behavioural Insight Office (BIO). The BIO is Oman`s central unit for behaviourally informed public policy-making that uses economics and human psychology to improve public policy outcomes. By concentrating on the social, cognitive and emotional behaviour of individuals and institutions, we assist the private and public sector how decisions are framed and conveyed to have positive impacts on behaviour. The mission is to advance the wellbeing of the Omani population by improving the effectiveness of public services and individuals’ decision making.

The BIO is located in the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning: We:

  • transfer international knowledge to the unique context of Oman, find out what works and what doesn’t by conducting rigorous scientific approaches
  • build the capability of Oman’s public sector to apply behavioural insights through training and practice
  • host events with leading figures in behavioural economics and policy practitioners
  • contribute to the Arab body of behavioural insights to advance regional knowledge
  • are part of a global movement to promote behaviourally informed policy-making through international collaboration
مشروع التنمية المستدامة 2030

        في الخامس والعشرون من شهر سبتمبر 2015 صادقت الأمم المتحدة على خطة التنمية المستدامة 2030  في قرار للجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة ، متضمنة  17 هدفا و169 غاية ونحو240 مؤشرا ، ترسم خارطة طريق للدول من اجل تحقيق الرفاه والازدهار المستدام في الأبعاد التنموية الثلاثة الإقتصادية والإجتماعية والبيئية.

   إن المجلس الأعلى للتخطيط وفي ضوء إختصاصاته الموضحة في المادة الثانية من نظامه المعتمد بالمرسوم السلطاني رقم 30/2012 والتي نصت على " يهدف المجلس إلى وضع الإستراتيجيات والسياسات اللازمة لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة ، وإيجاد الآليات التي من شأنها تطبيق تلك الإستراتيجيات والسياسات، وصولا إلى تحقيق التنوع الإقتصادي والإستغلال الأمثل للموارد الطبيعية والبشرية المتاحة " ،  قد أولى الخطة الأممية للتنمية المستدامة 2030 جل إهتمامه من خلال رسم خطة تنفيذ واضحة حتى نهاية عام 2030م ،حيث اعتمد المجلس أهداف التنمية المستدامة 2030 في اجتماعه الثالث لعام 2015م بتاريخ 24/6/2015م، كما تم إدماج أهداف التنمية المستدامة 2030 مع الأهداف القطاعية لخطة التنمية الخمسية التاسعة (2016-2030) وفي مقدمتها الهدف رقم (8) الذي ينص على: “تعزيز النمو الاقتصادي المطرد والشامل والمستدام للجميع، والعمالة الكاملة والمنتجة، وتوفير فرص العمل اللائقة للجميع”.

ووفقاً للفقرة (79) من الخطة الأممية للتنمية المستدامة التي تشجع الدول الأعضاء على إجراء مراجعات منتظمة وشاملة للتقدم على الصعيدين الوطني والمحلي  كجزء من آليات المتابعة والاستعراض الخاصة بخطة التنمية المستدامة من خلال الاستعراضات الوطنية الطوعية التي تقدم ضمن المنتدى السياسي رفيع المستوى للمجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي للأمم المتحدة (ECOSOC) كما هو منصوص عليه في الفقرة (84) من خطة التنمية المستدامة 2030، فإن الأمانة العامة للمجلس الأعلى للتخطيط تعكف حاليا على إعداد التقرير الطوعي الأول للسلطنة عن أهداف التنمية المستدامة 2030 المزمع تقديمه في المنتدى السياسي الرفيع المستوى للمجلس الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التابع للأمم المتحدة خلال الدورة القادمة المزمع اقامتها خلال شهر يوليو2019م ، حيث سيعكس التقرير إلتزام السلطنة بالتنمية المستدامة كأحد الركائز الرئيسية في رؤية السلطنة منذ عصر النهضة المباركة وصولا إلى رؤية عمان 2040. وتجدر الإشارة إلى أن الأمانة العامة للمجلس تقوم بدور المنسق في إعداد وصياغة التقرير الذي سيستند إعداده على المشاركة والحوار المجتمعي الواسع مع أصحاب المصلحة من الجهات الفاعلة بما يعكس التوافق على محتوياته، وعلى وجه الخصوص الدور الأساسي الذي سيقوم به المركز الوطني للإحصاء والمعلومات حيث سيحتوى التقرير على عدد من البيانات الاحصائية والمعلومات التي تبرز جهود السلطنة في الموائمة بين أهداف التنمية المستدامة 2030 وما تم انجازه من خلال الرؤى المستقبلية والخطط التنموية والاستراتيجيات القطاعية. وفي ذات الإطار شرعت الأمانة العامة للمجلس في إصدار كتيب خاص عن موائمة التخطيط في سلطنة عمان مع أهداف التنمية المستدامة 2030 -  التقدم المحرز والرؤية المستقبلية - وهو متاح على الموقع الإلكتروني للمجلس الأعلى للتخطيط .


 

 

 

 

تحميل كتاب موائمة التخطيط في سلطنة عمان مع أهداف التنمية المستدامة


 


 

Ninth Five-Year Plan

The General Secretariat has been assigned with developing the 9th Five-Year Development Plan, by virtue of Royal Decree No. 30M/2012 – pertaining to the Establishment of the Supreme Council for Planning, and in accordance with the resolution issued by the Council during its first meeting in 2014. The General Secretariat of the Supreme Council for Planning, and in line with the direction and guidance of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, has jointly embarked on developing the 9th Five-Year Development Plan with all Ministries and government entities, and with the collaboration of the private sector; while soliciting the assistance of global organizations possessing worldwide knowledge and expertise and a proven track record in the compilation of development plans for numerous nations; in addition to engaging local and global experts in the field.

This plan is considered the final in a series of developmental plans comprising Oman Vision 2020, which seek to achieve financial and economic stability, diversifying the economic base and sources of national income, altering the role played by government in the Sultanate’s economy, expanding the participation of the private sector and enhancing the quality of life for Omani citizens. Oman Vision 2020 also provides a roadmap for introducing the futuristic vision “Oman 2040”.

This Plan shall be based on a detailed study emphasizing the competitive advantages possessed by the Sultanate, and shall focus on the sectors, through which the Sultanate aspires to play a leading role in the region. The project team shall examine leading development experience in various nations around the globe, while drawing upon the expertise of its members in compiling an Omani model that focuses on the citizen and aligns with the Sultanate’s aspirations to become among the world’s regional and global leaders.

The principle of participation of all social sectors in plan development shall be adopted, representing a significant qualitative shift, through the hosting of seminars and via social media platforms. This is to enable all members of society to express their aspirations and to benefit from their visions.

The Plan shall be developed in accordance with a specific time-frame; which includes reviewing and verifying completed work and issuing periodic performance reports throughout the various states in order to achieve the desired outcomes.
 
 
                                                   
         Download The Ninth Five-Year Development Plan (2016-2020)
 
 
                             
 
A Report on the Social Policies in the Course of Economic Take-off Heading towards well-balanced economic and social policies
Pursuant to the wise vision of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, the Great, for Oman to have a good vision for the future of the economic development in the country, the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) has prepared a report on the social policies in the course of economic take-off heading towards well-balanced economic and social policies.
The report aims at setting up a general framework for the social policies with all due diligence and care in light of a wide societal harmony and with the participation of all societal categories in an effort to absorb the economic and social status and reality, while subjectively looking ahead at the future. Furthermore, the report will take into consideration the private and specific characteristics of the Omani society and enhance the traits of the Omani identity that is deep-rooted while seeking to keep abreast with the advancement of the twenty first century, in addition to the regional and international variables and take guidance of the successful international experiments in view of a societal compromise that mirror the needs and prospects of the Omani citizens.
The report was drafted in five chapters covering the economic policies and comes up with the societal harmony and consensus on the social policies that are required to be applied to enhance the welfare of the Omani citizens. It is worth mentioning that this report has contributed to the preparation of the Ninth five-year plan (2016-2020) and setting the future vision ( 2040 AD. ).
Oman National Spatial Strategy

Oman works on the national spatial strategy


A significant project that will have a huge impact on the future spatial development of the Sultanate



After fast social-economic progress, the time has come for a more guided comprehensive spatial development for the Sultanate. Oman is on the crossing now facing big challenges. For example, where is the best suitable space for the expected growing population and further diversified economic activities? How can all kinds of infrastructure, such as roads, public transport, electricity, water and sewage, more effectively be integrated into new urban developments? What kind of vulnerable areas need better protection? How to anticipate on climate change and what is needed to deal successfully with the coming post-oil era? And how can Oman combine all its ambitions and challenges in a sustainable way? It is becoming clear that the sense of urgency is high to find adequate answers on these challenges in a fast changing world.


First time in history

The Supreme Council for Planning (SCP) is setting up in a participatory way a solid framework for guiding the above, through the development of the Oman National Spatial Strategy (ONSS). This will be for the first time in the history of Oman. The ONSS will contain a national strategy on the desired key spatial developments till 2040 with elaborated regional strategies for all governorates. It will also include implementation programs and proposals for a legal planning framework, a new planning information system and capacity building programs.


Enhance prosperity with improving the environment

When completed, the ONSS will provide a comprehensive spatial framework for directing, organizing and implementing sustainable high quality urban and rural development in the Sultanate of Oman for the next 20 years. It is intended to provide incentives for enhancing socio-economic prosperity in combination with improving the environment for future generations. In short, a new solid framework for a national and regional land use strategy must ensure a more balanced sustainable socio-economic and spatial development in the Sultanate. It shall also provide guidance and directions for local structural and detailed plans to be developed later, as well as for the consecutive five-year national development plans.

Regional strategies as building blocks

As part of the ONSS, regional spatial strategies for each governorate in the Sultanate will be elaborated. Each regional spatial strategy shall comprise a single development plan with related regulatory instruments at the local level. The regional spatial strategies will be important building blocks of the ONSS, which aims to integrate them into one national strategy with one vision, regulatory instruments and tools for implementation.


The SCP started a few years ago with the preparation of this large and complex project. Many basic environmental, social and economic data are gathered during the first phases of the project; local and international consultants are recently hired and a Project Management Team is installed now within the SCP. The significance of this huge and complex project is evident. Oman needs to find a new sustainable answer on the call for further growth, development and protection, recording new trends and global challenges.


Link with the Vision 2040 project

The ONSS will be set up in close collaboration with the Vision 2040 project, which is also implemented from the SCP. Vision 2040 is the follow up of the national Vision 2020 and will formulate high level visionary ambitions for the future of the Sultanate on the important national themes; people and society, economic development and governance. The ONSS will give more specific answers on the spatial strategies to be followed: what to do and how to come to that?


The meaning in the daily life

The main subjects of the ONSS seem far away from the daily life of ordinary people. After all, it is about long-term spatial strategies, thematic policies and building guidelines. But on the contrary, the impact can be felt very close by. For example, provision of basic infrastructure like internal roads, tap water, electricity and sewage for new residential areas is an issue felt by many. In the future this should be well planned through an integrated developments of new residential areas.

Another topic is the concentration of jobs and all kinds of facilities in the Muscat Capital area that is causing several undesired social-economic inequalities in the Sultanate. To be sure of a job, many people are either having to commute on weekly basis or migrate to Muscat for work. the rest of the Besides the social inconveniences, this causes a lot of commuting traffic jams. The ONSS will address this issue through development of incentives for spatial-economic growth in other parts of the country in a well-balanced way, preferably based on local and regional assets and the specific skills of the population. This simply means more jobs and facilities (like health and educational services) nearby the traditional family roots.


The ONSS is also about the future quality of the urban and rural environment. Many cities and villages do not have a clear urban centres and are lacking good public space, like parks, squares, parking and walking space. After developing and implementing local spatial plans, based on the regional and national strategies, the urban environment will be more attractive for the residents.

Oman has many attractive unique rural landscapes. Many of them are vulnerable and need better protection and smart planned spatial developments of the villages and economic activities. If done in the right way, this will improve the lives of local people and attract more tourists.


The meaning for investors

For investors it is extremely important to know what the spatial policies are for the long term, both in the whole country and in the governorates. After all, investors will put their money in all kinds of real estates. Their return on investments and future value depend heavily on the right location and the expected developments in the neighborhood. A well guided spatial strategy is also of importance for offering sufficient space for the growth ambitions of the private sector and to attract new foreign business. This will contribute to a more competitive and attractive country.


Extensive transport survey

To make the right decisions about future roads, possible railroads, metro systems or other improved forms of public transport closely related to future urban developments, a National Transport Model will be set up as part of the ONSS. To gather the necessary data for that model an extensive transport survey will be done from mid-October till mid-December this year. Thousands of people will be asked to stop their car and answer all kinds of questions related to their origin and destination. Also thousands of people all over the country will be participating, through responding to household interviews, on their transport related behavior. For the first time in its history, Oman will have a smart evidence based tool to improve all future transport needs.


How the ONSS is developed?

The national and regional strategies will be developed, in close collaboration to each other and with involvement of all kinds of private and governmental stakeholders. The first step will involve an extensive data collection exercise on all kind of information related to social, economic and land use aspects. The stakeholders are intensively involved by highlighting their current issues and future solutions. The second step involves the development of a number of plausible national scenarios, based both on the regional key topics and international trends. After consultation with the stakeholders, the SCP will formulate the preferred spatial direction for the Sultanate. This will be the base for further elaboration of the specific strategies on regional and national levels. This in turn will be debated with both national and regional stakeholders and the final strategies will be approved by the SCP council, before being endorsed by Al-Shura and the Council of State.


The comprehensive strategy for economic development and the comprehensive plan for Musandam Governorate 2014 AD
Among the efforts exerted in the modernization process, the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) was empowered and entrusted to set a framework for the spatial infrastructure at the national level to support Oman vision 2040 and the future. As a result, the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) has prepared a comprehensive strategy for economic development and the comprehensive plan for Musandam governorate for the year 2014 which came as a collaboration between the Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) with all government authorities, private and national sector in the governorate which has resulted in the issuance of the economic comprehensive development strategy document for Musandam governorate for the year 2040, as this strategy serves as a roadmap guiding and managing the sustainable development in this remarkable location within the Sultanate of Oman.
The Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) has opened the door for societal participation since the commencement of the strategy in an endeavor to reach a viable and unified vision and agreement with all related parties, whether they are the people of Musandam governorate or the professionals and experts from the government authorities, private sector corporations and the interested individuals and it has sought and solicited opinion of the social media goers to reach a vision characterized by comprehensiveness and variety via social media channels.
It is worth mentioning that the comprehensive strategy for economic development for Musandam governorate 2040 comes among the comprehensive development strategy set for all other Sultanate`s governorates under the National Strategy Project for Urban Development.
The Model Residential Quarters Project
In implementation of the royal decrees rendered by His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, the Great, the Supreme Council for Planning ( SCP ) has commissioned a specialized an expert and consultancy firm to prepare a feasibility study for the establishment of modern residential quarters in an effort to be executed during the coming years by the real estate development companies from the private sectors and the investment funds or via partnership between the government and the private sector to keep these residential quarters attainable by the Omani nationals willing to own an appropriate house therein under specific terms and conditions and against affordable prices.
Encouraging the establishment of these integral residential complexes that are characterized by well construction, quality execution and affordable cost in the Sultanate of Oman emerges from the importance of availing convenient means and decent livelihoods for the citizens and in an endeavor to complete the process of sustainable development in the Sultanate of Oman.
These residential complexes will help reduce the number of those on list of the land allocation strategy adopted by the Ministry of Housing and will procure a convenient residence for the Omani citizens by means of this project in addition to the enhancement of the level of urban and rural planning in the Sultanate of Oman, mobilizing the capital and expertise accumulated with the private sector developers in an endeavor to utilize the same in this experimental project finally these residential complexes will have a good and positive effect on the real estate sector in particular and the Omani economy in general.
The proposed model and experimental residential project will help create and solicit partnerships in the field of real estate and residential development at the largest scale between both public and private sector with the objective of developing this project, the matter that will generate and avail job opportunities for the Omani youth and it will ultimately open a wider scope and pave a solid arena for a productive partnership by both small and medium size enterprises ( SMEs ).
A part from the aforecited, the experimental project for the model residential quarters will be executed by means of partnerships in the field of real estate development between t government, private sector, investment funds, specialized banks and commercial financial institutions to keep these residential quarters attainable by the Omani nationals willing to own an appropriate house therein under specific terms and conditions and against affordable prices.
 
The key design characteristics for these residential complexes shall include without limitation the following :
• Safe and easily accessible community equipped by integrated services and characterized by variable residential alternatives;
• In line streets and open parks that will have enough rooms for safe pedestrian and automotive movement;
• Equipped with variable group of societal and recreational facilities easily accessible from all sides in addition to open public areas that will help create a residential environment that will meet the Omani Urban character;
• Avail open areas that meet the privacy among the neighbors and special areas as car parks;
• Car parking areas between the residential quarters for visitors` welfare and convenience; and
• The government will donate and subscribe in this project by means of allocating land parcels, provide finance for the infrastructures and the Omani Housing Bank will grant short term loans for the project beneficiaries.
The project steering committee was formed under the patronage and auspices of the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning (SCP) and membership of the related and concerned authorities in order to undertake the supervisory tasks and to inspect all works to ensure the on-time completion of the project as per the schedule, prepare the draft integral residential policies, laws and regulatory ordinances and executive regulations to follow up all execution works and supervise the project.
The proposed low cost experimental residential project is located in Barka Wilayat and this experiment will be generalized to cover all Sultanate governorates on the long run.
The National Program for Bracing the Economic Diversity (TANFEEDH)

Due to the acceleration of the economic, financial and social challenges encountered by the Sultanate of Oman in order to diversify the sources of national economy and achieve the goals and objectives of the 9th Five Year Plan (2016 – 2020 AD.), it was inevitable to launch and initiative to address and cope with these variables.

Therefore, the National Program for Bracing the Economic Diversity (TANFEEDH) broke forth, as this program will address the challenges, difficulties and issues that encounter the government, private and civil parties and bodies towards achieving the goals and objectives of the 9th Five Year Plan (2016 – 2020 AD.), and to develop a detailed road map with the partnership from all walks of the society to put into force the solution and follow up the implementation and completion thereof.
The National Program for Bracing the Economic Diversity (TANFEEDH) comes as a National Initiative to be implemented within the framework of the 9th Five Year Plan (2016 – 2020 AD.) in collaboration with the Performance Management and Delivery Unit (PEMANDU) of Malaysia and achieve the optimal benefit to be derived from what was realized in terms of the basic infrastructure during the previously implemented and subsequent five year plans while focusing on the basic sectors targeted under the economic diversity program according to the current plan as determined under Royal Decree No. RD 1/2016 namely; the transformational industries, tourism, transportation, logistics services, mining and fishery. The Plan aims at increasing the percentage of these sectors` participation in the Sultanate Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and increase investment in the promising sectors and generating more job opportunities.

Due to the importance of setting the priorities for the coming juncture while ensuring the completion of the efforts exerted by all concerned parties, the National Program for Bracing the Economic Diversity ( TANFEEDH ) plays a pivotal role and a junction between the various strategies for each of the targeted sectors while at the same time, it serves as a crucible for sustainable partnership between the public and private sector in an endeavor to serve the interests of the society. The Laboratory Stage comes as a phase following the stage for setting and addressing the challenges that have come into force since the beginning of this year.

The project will be carried out in several phases to benefit from the results of each phase and the program will commence with the sector of the transformational industries, tourism and logistics, in addition to the financial and innovative financing sector, operation sector and the labor market as enabling sectors whereas the subsequent phase will extend to cover the mining and fishery sectors and ultimately connect all these five sectors together.


The project aims at expediting the execution of the plans in the field of boosting and enhancing economic diversity and help and render all possible support to the government to drive benefits from the best successful practices in the field of social and economic planning, allocate its budgets in projects with remarkable economic revenues and added value that will help avail job opportunities for the Omani citizens and to achieve the objectives, programs and policies for economic diversity during the Ninth five-year plan, besides setting an integral and transparent plan to increase the foreign and internal investments injected in the Sultanate of Oman and to help lift the degree of competitiveness in the different social and economic indicators and to support the related-parties for the efficient execution of their projects and plans according to the best general accepted  practices in addition to improving the completion efficiency and bridge the gaps of cooperation and participation among all concerned parties and to set indicators sufficient to measure certain goals and to serve as an accurate tool for follow-up and execution, determine certain percentages of non-government capital investments, provided however that it will not be less than 80% to finance the sector`s key initiatives for the program and to increase the gross domestic product in the Sultanate of Oman.