What is the plan?
The general meaning of the term “plan” refers to a document that contains a set of goals, ratified by the concerned authorities, and to be achieved during a certain period. The ‘plan’ referred to by the SPC is the 5 year economic development plans which provide a comprehensive overview of the economy, sets policy directions for economic growth and identifies strategies, programs and projects to improve the economy of the Sultanate. The plan also includes the implementation, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
What is the future vision?
The term “future vision” includes perceptions about the long-term future of the economy and exceeds the short and medium-term periods. The national vision is a master vision and a roadmap for development and economic prosperity. The national vision is developed to cover a 20 year period and supported by the 5 year economic development plans. The 9th 5 year development plan will be the last plan under Vision 2020.
The Vision relies on studying the possibilities and limitations of the economy and choosing one or more paths of various durations for implementation by the plans. The Vision provides a framework for national strategies and implementation plans and assists government in policy and planning development and allocation of funding and resources. It also provide business and the public with a shared direction and purpose.

What is the mechanism according to which the plans in the Supreme Council for Planning operate?
One of the characteristics for planning in Oman is that it is a collaborative process between the public sector, the private sector and the wider community. The Supreme Council for Planning has adopted a methodology through the formation of a technical committee concerned with the preparation of the plan under the chairmanship of H.E. the Secretary-General and the membership of all the concerned governmental authorities in addition to the State Council and the Shura Council. The committee has various sub-committees that deal with the financial framework, economic diversification and other sectors.

The General Secretariat of the Supreme Council for Planning submits the plan to the Supreme Council of Planning, which refers the same to the Council of Ministers, which sends them to the Shura Council pursuant to Article (58) bis (40) of the Basic Law of the State.
How are projects distributed between the governorates in the plans?
The General Secretariat of the Supreme Council of Planning issues a notice to all concerned entities to submit requests for ongoing and new projects. Approval of projects is based on multiple considerations including alignment with the national strategic priorities and objectives as set out in the Vision and 5 year development plan. Additionally projects are distributed according to the sectors, governorates, Wilayats, villages and ministries.
How can a citizen submit a request for development services?
Requests for development services are generally made by municipal councils and other government ministries and agencies to the Supreme Council for Planning as part of national development planning. Requests are considered based on a number of factors including alignment with His Majesty’s Vision and the national priorities of the Sultanate (as set out in the 5 year economic development plans).

However, there are several different ways in which an individual citizen or group may have their voice heard. In the first instance, citizens can submit requests to their local municipal council. The council will consider the request and may deal with it directly or refer the matter to the relevant competent authority, ministry or concerned government agency.

Another channel available to citizens is to contact their Majlis Al Shura council representative. As elected representatives they can raise your concerns and approach the relevant entities to review citizen requests.
How does the Supreme Council of Planning ensure fair distribution of the economic benefits of the Renaissance?
Firstly, as per His Majesty’s Vision for the Sultanate and his directives, the Supreme Council for Planning (SCP) is responsible for formulating plans that ensure the development of the provinces so that everyone may benefit. Special programs are being developed for specific governorates to reduce disparity and ensure economic & social development across the country. This has been a focus of the development plans since the 4th five year development plan and will continue to be a focus in the 9th Five-Year Development Plan.

In particular, all development plans in Oman have priorities to ensure a fair distribution of the economic benefits of the Renaissance through the provision of education, health and employment opportunities for citizens in all parts of the country. All citizens benefit from equal access to basic services including education & health and it is a national objective to continually improve the quality of life for citizens in the Sultanate.

The SCP works to ensure the development plans meet these national priorities as set out in His Majesty’s Vision for the Sultanate. This also includes selection of development projects that focus on increasing the GDP and promote sustainable growth. This does not mean that all provinces receive an equal number of development projects. Development projects are selected based on a number of factors, including those that enjoy more economic potential and are more likely to contribute overall to the development of Oman`s economy. Ultimately, all these activities promote, either directly or indirectly, a stronger economy and reflect positively on all citizens in all parts of the Sultanate.
Can the Supreme Council of Planning directly intervene in the follow-up of government projects?
In order to monitor the implementation of Governmental projects, a new directorate is established of the Secretariat General of the Supreme Council for Planning (SCP), namely the Monitoring and Evaluation Directorate, by the royal decree 63/2014. The directorate tackles the responsibility of monitoring and measuring the progress of national and sectorial development plans, As well as, some major Strategic governmental Projects execution, that aims to support the decision making process throughout performance measurement approaches, reporting the achievements and challenges regularly. Continuously, The Secretariat General of SCP utilizes the recommendations and findings, propose the necessary suggestions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency and report them to SCP asking for necessary decision. For Example, Address the delays of project implementation or request for additional budgets, which SCP regularly taking the necessary actions.
What is the role of the Supreme Council for Planning in achieving economic diversification for the Sultanate?

Economic diversification is the process in which a growing range of economic outputs are produced. It refers to diversity in both economic activities (i.e. income sources) and in markets (i.e. exports). Despite strong economic and social outcomes, Oman has suffered from a lack of economic diversification due to its heavy reliance on oil (and oil related products) as the main source of export and fiscal revenues.

To address this, economic diversification became a focus of Oman’s Vision 2020 and a pillar of each subsequent 5 year development plan in order to reduce exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil market and to establish a strong non-oil economy. The development plans continue to promote alternative income sources where the Sultanate enjoys competitive advantage and means for increasing non-oil related exports (both regionally and internationally) in order to achieve Oman’s long term economic objectives for sustainable growth.

The SCP has conducted and reviewed a number of studies to identify areas for economic diversification. Development projects are prioritized, in part, based on their likely contribution to economic growth and diversification. Five promising sectors have been identified in the 9th Five-Year Development Plan, namely: manufacturing; transport & logistics; tourism; fisheries and mining. These sectors were also considered due to other advantageous factors such as their geographical location, the availability of natural resources, their cultural significance and their contribution to job creation.

The SCP also contributes to the achievement of economic diversification through consideration of various national strategies, macroeconomic policies and projects that promote diversification including those that strengthen the business environment, develop infrastructure, promote foreign investment, assist SME’s and improve educational outcomes.